- What is anuria?
- What does deposits in urine mean?
- Is glucose urine test accurate?
- Which disorder is characterized by the presence of kidney stones?
- What diseases are associated with polyuria?
- Why is glucose not normally found in the urine quizlet?
- Which of the following is most likely to cause polyuria?
- Which of the following is normally excreted in urine?
- What should not be found in urine?
- Why would Glucose show up in the urine of a person with diabetes?
- Why is glucose not normally found in urine?
- Which structure is most important for urine concentration quizlet?
- What infections can be found in urine?
- What does abnormal urine test mean?
- How much urine can the bladder hold before the increase in pressure stimulates the emptying reflex?
What is anuria?
Anuria is a condition when a person is unable to pass urine or passes an insignificant amount of urine which is less than 100 milliliters in 24 hrs.
This may be due to an underlying cause like: Low blood pressure due to excessive blood loss, severe diarrhea/vomiting, severe infection.
End-stage renal disorder..
What does deposits in urine mean?
A crystals in urine test looks at the amount, size, and type of crystals in your urine. It’s normal to have a few small urine crystals. Larger crystals or specific types of crystals can become kidney stones. Kidney stones are hard, pebble-like substances that can get stuck in the kidneys.
Is glucose urine test accurate?
A glucose in urine test may also be used to screen for diabetes. However, a urine glucose test is not as accurate as a blood glucose test. It may be ordered if blood glucose testing is difficult or not possible.
Which disorder is characterized by the presence of kidney stones?
nephrolithiasisGlossarynephrolithiasisDescribes the presence of stones in the kidney.nephrolysisThe surgical freeing of a kidney from adhesions.nephronsThe microscopic functional units of each kidney where urine is produced through the processes of filtration, reabsorption, and secretion.nephropathyAny disease of the kidney.56 more rows
What diseases are associated with polyuria?
What Causes Polyuria?Type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Polyuria is often one of the first signs of diabetes. … Diabetes insipidus. With this rare condition, your body isn’t able to control its fluid levels. … Pregnancy. … Kidney disease or failure. … Liver disease. … Cushing’s syndrome. … Hypercalcemia. … Anxiety.More items…•
Why is glucose not normally found in the urine quizlet?
Why is glucose not normally excreted in the urine? All filtered glucose is reabsorbed.
Which of the following is most likely to cause polyuria?
Use of diuretics and uncontrolled diabetes mellitus are common causes of polyuria. In the absence of diabetes mellitus and diuretic use, the most common causes of chronic polyuria are primary polydipsia, central diabetes insipidus, and nephrogenic diabetes insipidus.
Which of the following is normally excreted in urine?
Substances normally found in urine are nitrogenous wastes, water, various ions (always including sodium and potassium). Substances normally absent from urine include glucose, blood proteins, blood, pus (WBCs), and bile.
What should not be found in urine?
The following are not normally found in urine:Hemoglobin.Nitrites.Red blood cells.White blood cells.
Why would Glucose show up in the urine of a person with diabetes?
Glucose is usually only found in the urine when blood glucose levels are raised due to diabetes. When your blood glucose levels are high enough, glycosuria occurs because your kidneys can’t stop glucose from spilling over from the bloodstream into the urine.
Why is glucose not normally found in urine?
Ordinarily, urine contains no glucose because the kidneys are able to reabsorb all of the filtered glucose from the tubular fluid back into the bloodstream. Glycosuria is nearly always caused by elevated blood glucose levels, most commonly due to untreated diabetes mellitus.
Which structure is most important for urine concentration quizlet?
(The loop of the nephron, especially as it passes through the medulla, is the place where urine can be most concentrated if the body conditions require water retention.)
What infections can be found in urine?
The most common infections diagnosed by urinalysis are UTIs, which are one of the most common bacterial infections that require medical intervention. Several other infections such as community-acquired pneumonia and viremia infections can also be diagnosed with the help of urinalysis.
What does abnormal urine test mean?
A urinalysis is used to detect and manage a wide range of disorders, such as urinary tract infections, kidney disease and diabetes. A urinalysis involves checking the appearance, concentration and content of urine. Abnormal urinalysis results may point to a disease or illness.
How much urine can the bladder hold before the increase in pressure stimulates the emptying reflex?
At about 200 ml of urine, the detrusor muscle begins to contract and the internal urethral sphincter muscle begins to relax. This sends signals through the nervous system and creates the “urge” to urinate.