What Happens If Diabetes Insipidus Is Left Untreated?

What are the complications of diabetes insipidus?

Without medical treatment, the possible complications of diabetes insipidus include:Chronic dehydration.Low body temperature.Accelerated heart rate.Weight loss.Fatigue.Frequent headaches.Low blood pressure (hypotension)Kidney damage.More items…•.

Can diabetes insipidus be temporary?

Some cases of diabetes insipidus are mild, and may be temporary, like if you recently had pituitary surgery. In this case, your doctor will recommend maintaining a proper intake of water throughout the day. Medication is a treatment option for more severe cases.

Is diabetes insipidus an emergency?

Diabetes insipidus becomes an emergency and leads to severe hyperosmolality and dehydration when fluid intake does not match obligate losses.

Can diabetes insipidus be cured?

There’s no cure for diabetes insipidus. But treatments can relieve your thirst and decrease your urine output.

What is the most common cause of diabetes insipidus?

Lithium is the most common cause of acquired nephrogenic diabetes insipidus. It’s a medication often used to treat bipolar disorder. Long-term lithium use can damage the cells of the kidneys so they no longer respond to AVP.

What are the two types of diabetes insipidus?

Diabetes insipidus facts* There are four types of diabetes insipidus; 1) central diabetes insipidus, 2) nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, 3) dipsogenic diabetes insipidus, and 4) gestational diabetes insipidus. The most common symptom of diabetes insipidus is frequent urination.

What is the difference between diabetes insipidus and mellitus?

Diabetes mellitus occurs due to insulin resistance or insulin deficiency and subsequent high blood glucose levels. Diabetes Insipidus on the other hand develops as a result of the stilted production of a hormone in the brain, which is released to stop the kidneys producing so much urine in order to retain water.

Can you have mild diabetes insipidus?

Mild cranial diabetes insipidus may not require any medical treatment. Cranial diabetes insipidus is considered mild if you produce approximately 3 to 4 litres of urine over 24 hours. If this is the case, you may be able to ease your symptoms by increasing the amount of water you drink to avoid dehydration.

Is diabetes insipidus genetic?

Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus can be either acquired or hereditary. The acquired form is brought on by certain drugs and chronic diseases and can occur at any time during life. The hereditary form is caused by genetic mutations, and its signs and symptoms usually become apparent within the first few months of life.

Is diabetes insipidus life threatening?

Diabetes insipidus is a rare condition in which the kidneys are unable to retain water. This leads to excessive urination and an increased risk of dehydration, a loss of body fluids and electrolytes, which can be life threatening when severe and untreated.

Does diabetes insipidus make you tired?

If you have diabetes insipidus, these electrolytes can become unbalanced and the amount of water in your body is affected. This can cause dehydration and disrupt other body functions such as the way muscles work, leading to headache, fatigue, irritability and muscle pains.

Does diabetes insipidus cause weight gain?

Diabetes insipidus can interfere with appetite and eating. In children, it can interfere with growth and weight gain. Signs of dehydration often appear, since the body is unable to keep enough of the water it takes in.