What Does Specific Gravity Mean In A Urine Test?

What does abnormal urine test mean?

A urinalysis is used to detect and manage a wide range of disorders, such as urinary tract infections, kidney disease and diabetes.

A urinalysis involves checking the appearance, concentration and content of urine.

Abnormal urinalysis results may point to a disease or illness..

How do I read my urine test results?

Normal values are as follows:Color – Yellow (light/pale to dark/deep amber)Clarity/turbidity – Clear or cloudy.pH – 4.5-8.Specific gravity – 1.005-1.025.Glucose – ≤130 mg/d.Ketones – None.Nitrites – Negative.Leukocyte esterase – Negative.More items…•

What color is urine when your kidneys are failing?

When kidneys are failing, the increased concentration and accumulation of substances in urine lead to a darker color which may be brown, red or purple. The color change is due to abnormal protein or sugar, high levels of red and white blood cells, and high numbers of tube-shaped particles called cellular casts.

What does a specific gravity of 1.025 mean?

Specific gravity is usually 1.010-1.025 (normal range: 1.003-1.030) and highest in the morning. A value >1.025 indicates normal concentrating ability. A value >1.035-1.040 suggests possible contamination, very high levels of glucose, or recently received low-molecular-weight dextran or high-density radiopaque dyes.

What is a good specific gravity for urine?

The normal range for urine specific gravity is 1.005 to 1.030.

Is 1.030 specific gravity normal?

Normal Results The urine specific gravity test is easier and more convenient, and is usually part of a routine urinalysis . The urine osmolality test may not be needed. The normal range for urine specific gravity is 1.005 to 1.030.

What is the normal pH range of urine in humans?

The normal values range from pH 4.6 to 8.0. The examples above are common measurements for results of these tests. Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories.

What does a specific gravity of 1.020 mean?

Urine specific gravity is a measure of the ratio of the density of urine to the density of water. Urine specific-gravity measurements normally range from 1.002 to 1.030. 5. The NCAA selected a urine specific-gravity measurement of ≤1.020 to indicate euhydration. 4.

What does low specific gravity mean in a urine test?

Low specific gravity suggests that urine is too diluted. Conditions that cause low specific gravity include: diabetes insipidus. kidney failure. drinking too much fluid due to increased thirst.

Is urine specific gravity of 1.020 normal?

Normal results in adults generally range from 1.010 to 1.020. Abnormal results are generally those below 1.010 or above 1.020. In patients with certain kidney diseases, USG doesn’t vary with fluid intake and is called a fixed specific gravity.

How does dehydration affect urinalysis results?

The color and clarity of urine, the urine’s specific gravity (the mass of urine is compared with that of equal amounts of distilled water), and the presence of ketones (carbon compounds that signify dehydration) in the urine may all help to indicate the degree of dehydration.

What does high specific gravity mean in a urine test?

Abnormal: A very high specific gravity means very concentrated urine, which may be caused by not drinking enough fluid, loss of too much fluid (excessive vomiting, sweating, or diarrhea), or substances (such as sugar or protein) in the urine.

What should not be found in urine?

The following are not normally found in urine:Hemoglobin.Nitrites.Red blood cells.White blood cells.

Why is specific gravity important?

Significance and Use 4.1 Specific gravity is an important property of fluids being related to density and viscosity. Knowing the specific gravity will allow determination of a fluid’s characteristics compared to a standard, usually water, at a specified temperature.

Is specific gravity of 1.005 normal?

Normal Results The urine specific gravity test is easier and more convenient, and is usually part of a routine urinalysis. The urine osmolality test may not be needed. The normal range for urine specific gravity is 1.005 to 1.030.

What causes increased urine specific gravity?

Increases in specific gravity (hypersthenuria, i.e. increased concentration of solutes in the urine) may be associated with dehydration, diarrhea, emesis, excessive sweating, urinary tract/bladder infection, glucosuria, renal artery stenosis, hepatorenal syndrome, decreased blood flow to the kidney (especially as a …

What would a specific gravity of 1.030 indicate to you?

Ideally, urine specific gravity results will fall between 1.002 and 1.030 if your kidneys are functioning normally. Specific gravity results above 1.010 can indicate mild dehydration. The higher the number, the more dehydrated you may be.

What does specific gravity tell us?

Urinary specific gravity (SG) is a measure of the concentration of solutes in the urine. It measures the ratio of urine density compared with water density and provides information on the kidney’s ability to concentrate urine. A urinary specific gravity measurement is a routine part of urinalysis.