What Are The Structural And Functional Unit Of The Brain?

What is the structural and functional unit of kidney?

The nephron is the functional unit of the kidney.

The glomerulus and convoluted tubules of the nephron are located in the cortex of the kidney, while the collecting ducts are located in the pyramids of the kidney’s medulla..

Which part of the brain controls blood pressure?

The brain stem sits beneath your cerebrum in front of your cerebellum. It connects the brain to the spinal cord and controls automatic functions such as breathing, digestion, heart rate and blood pressure.

What makes the largest part of brain?

The brain has three main parts: the cerebrum, cerebellum and brainstem. Cerebrum: is the largest part of the brain and is composed of right and left hemispheres. It performs higher functions like interpreting touch, vision and hearing, as well as speech, reasoning, emotions, learning, and fine control of movement.

What is the structural and functional unit of?

The cell is the basic structural and functional unit of life. Cells are independent, single-celled organisms that take in nutrients, excrete wastes, detect and respond to their environment, move, breathe, grow, and reproduce.

Is called the structural and functional unit of life?

The cell is called the structural and functional unit of life as all living organisms are made up of cells. … Furthermore, cells provide form and structure, process nutrients and convert it into useable energy. Multicellular organisms have specialized cells that perform specific functions.

What is Lung functional unit?

The terminal parts of the bronchi are the alveoli. The alveoli are the functional units of the lungs and they form the site of gaseous exchange.

What is structural and functional unit of liver?

The hepatic lobule is the structural and functional unit of liver.

What is the structural and functional unit of nervous system?

Neurons. Neurons, or nerve cell, are the main structural and functional units of the nervous system.

Is the structural and functional unit of life?

The cell (from Latin cella, meaning “small room”) is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known organisms. A cell is the smallest unit of life. Cells are often called the “building blocks of life”.

What is the structural and functional unit of excretory system?

Nephron is the basic structural and functional unit of the kidney. The main function is to regulate water and soluble substances by filtering the blood, reabsorbing what is needed and excreting the rest as urine.

What is the basic structural unit of the brain?

neuronThe structural unit of the brain, a single neuron plus variable numbers of other cells in a four-cell operating system domain (from Baslow, 2010a).

What are the structural and functional unit of lungs?

Alveoli is the structural and functional unit of lungs.

What is the functional unit of the nervous system called?

These include nerve cells (or neurons) and glial cells (or glia). Neurons are the basic functional units of the nervous system, and they generate electrical signals called action potentials, which allow them to quickly transmit information over long distances.

What are the two basic functional units of the nervous system?

Although the nervous system is very complex, nervous tissue consists of just two basic types of nerve cells: neurons and glial cells. Neurons are the structural and functional units of the nervous system. They transmit electrical signals, called nerve impulses. Glial cells provide support for neurons.

What part of the brain is inner brain?

The outer part of the cerebrum is called gray matter and contains nerve cells. The inner part is called white matter and contains connections of nerves.