Quick Answer: What Produces A Lot Of ATP Energy?

What makes a lot of ATP?

Mitochondria (singular = mitochondrion) are often called the “powerhouses” or “energy factories” of a cell because they are responsible for making adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the cell’s main energy-carrying molecule.

Your muscle cells need a lot of energy to keep your body moving..

What are the roles of ATP in photosynthesis?

Photosynthesis occurs in two stages- light reaction and dark reaction. During the light reaction reduced NADPH2 and ATP are synthesized. These products are used subsequently to reduce carbon dioxide into sugars. Thus, the purpose of ATP in photosynthesis is to transfer energy from light reaction to dark reaction.

Do plants have mitochondria?

Both animal and plant cells have mitochondria, but only plant cells have chloroplasts. … This process (photosynthesis) takes place in the chloroplast. Once the sugar is made, it is then broken down by the mitochondria to make energy for the cell.

What are the three ways to generate ATP?

The three processes of ATP production include glycolysis, the tricarboxylic acid cycle, and oxidative phosphorylation.

What contains pigments to help capture light energy?

ChlorophyllPhotosynthetic cells contain special pigments that absorb light energy. Different pigments respond to different wavelengths of visible light. Chlorophyll, the primary pigment used in photosynthesis, reflects green light and absorbs red and blue light most strongly.

Where is ATP used in photosynthesis?

ATP and NADPH2from the light reactions are used in the dark reactions of photosynthesis that take place in the stroma region of the chloroplast.

Which process requires ATP?

Almost all cellular processes need ATP to give a reaction its required energy. ATP can transfer energy and phosphorylate (add a phosphate) to other molecules in cellular processes such as DNA replication, active transport, synthetic pathways and muscle contraction.

How much ATP does photosynthesis produce?

This gives one O2 molecule and two NADPH molecules. Three ATP molecules will be made, provided photosystem I recycles one electron in order to contribute two protons to the proton motive force.

Why do plants need ATP?

The process of cellular respiration allows plants to break down glucose into ATP. The ATP provides the energy they need to carry out various functions. Although plants use photosynthesis to produce glucose, they use cellular respiration to release energy from the glucose.

Does chloroplast produce a lot of ATP energy?

Chloroplasts capture the energy in sunlight and use it to synthesize energy-rich carbohydrates. This food made by chloroplasts provides the chemical energy needed by all forms of life. … Both mitochondria and chloroplasts are sites of production of ATP, the energy currency of the cell.

What does oxygen gas produce?

In photosynthetic eukaryotes such as algae and plants, photosynthesis occurs in a specialized cell organelle called a chloroplast. Within the chloroplasts are thylakoid membranes that provide an internal and external environment for photosynthesis.

What do plants use ATP for?

ATP can be used to store energy for future reactions or be withdrawn to pay for reactions when energy is required by the cell. … Animals store the energy obtained from the breakdown of food as ATP. Likewise, plants capture and store the energy they derive from light during photosynthesis in ATP molecules.

What connects the two photosystems in the light reactions?

electron transport chainWhat connects the two photosystems in the light reactions? An electron transport chain connects the two photosystems in the light reactions.

Where is energy stored in ATP?

Energy is stored in the covalent bonds between phosphates, with the greatest amount of energy (approximately 7 kcal/mole) in the bond between the second and third phosphate groups. This covalent bond is known as a pyrophosphate bond.

Does photosynthesis produce ATP?

The Light Reactions of Photosynthesis. Light is absorbed and the energy is used to drive electrons from water to generate NADPH and to drive protons across a membrane. These protons return through ATP synthase to make ATP.

Do plants use ATP?

Eukaryotic Cell Structure and Function Most cells use ATP as their main form of energy. Most eukaryotic cells, including plant cells, get their ATP from the process of cellular respiration. Cellular respiration takes place in the mitochondria. … Plants need to do something with all that glucose they make!

Where does oxygen production happen?

Oxygen is produced when the plant combines the carbon dioxide and the water by using the Sun’s energy. Plants use the sugar they produce to make plant structure and to provide the energy they need to live. Green plants use some of the oxygen they produce for their own life processes.

What are two ways to make ATP?

There are two methods of producing ATP: aerobic and anaerobic. In aerobic respiration, oxygen is required. Oxygen as a high-energy molecule increases ATP production from 4 ATP molecules to about 30 ATP molecules. In anaerobic respiration, oxygen is not required.