Quick Answer: What Are Infection Diseases?

What are 3 examples of infectious diseases?

Infectious diseases can be any of the following:Chickenpox.Common cold.Diphtheria.E.

coli.Giardiasis.HIV/AIDS.Infectious mononucleosis.Influenza (flu)More items….

When should I be worried about an infection?

Call a doctor or go to the hospital right away if you think you might have a skin infection and: You have a fever of 100.4 degrees or higher. You’re in a lot of pain. The redness or swelling spreads.

What are the 10 common diseases?

Read on to see the top 10 diseases causing the most deaths worldwide, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) .Ischemic heart disease, or coronary artery disease. … Stroke. … Lower respiratory infections. … Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. … Trachea, bronchus, and lung cancers. … Diabetes mellitus.More items…

What are the 10 most common diseases?

Heart disease. Share on Pinterest Many of the top 10 causes of death are preventable through lifestyle changes and regular checkups. … Cancer. Deaths in 2017: 599,108. … Unintentional injuries. … Chronic lower respiratory disease. … Stroke and cerebrovascular diseases. … Alzheimer’s disease. … Diabetes. … Influenza and pneumonia.More items…

What are the most common infections?

Most Common Infectious Diseases in the U.S.Scroll down to read all. 1 / 15. Chlamydia. … 2 / 15. Influenza A and B. Sudden fever and chills, muscle aches, headache, tiredness, sore throat, congestion. … 3 / 15. Staph. There are more than 30 kinds of staph bacteria. … 4 / 15. E. Coli. … 5 / 15. Herpes Simplex 1. … 6 / 15. Herpes Simplex 2. … 7 / 15. Shigellosis. … 8 / 15. Syphilis.More items…

What are the 4 types of infectious diseases?

A variety of microorganisms can cause disease. Pathogenic organisms are of five main types: viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and worms.

What are 4 types of inflammation?

The four cardinal signs of inflammation are redness (Latin rubor), heat (calor), swelling (tumor), and pain (dolor). Redness is caused by the dilation of small blood vessels in the area of injury.

How do viruses make you sick?

Viruses make us sick by killing cells or disrupting cell function. Our bodies often respond with fever (heat inactivates many viruses), the secretion of a chemical called interferon (which blocks viruses from reproducing), or by marshaling the immune system’s antibodies and other cells to target the invader.

What are the common human diseases?

Common IllnessesAllergies.Colds and Flu.Conjunctivitis (“pink eye“)Diarrhea.Headaches.Mononucleosis.Stomach Aches.

What helps fight infection in the body?

David Wolfe: 10 Natural Antibiotics That Fight InfectionGarlic. By eating a few cloves of garlic each day, you can effectively fight off all sorts of bacteria, viruses and infections. … Onions. … Grapefruit Seed Extract. … Horseradish. … Vitamin C. … Manuka Honey. … Cinnamon. … Apple-Cider Vinegar.More items…•

What does an infection look like?

Signs of Infection expanding redness around the wound. yellow or greenish-colored pus or cloudy wound drainage. red streaking spreading from the wound. increased swelling, tenderness, or pain around the wound.

What is the rarest disease on Earth?

RPI deficiency According to the Journal of Molecular Medicine, Ribose-5 phosphate isomerase deficiency, or RPI Deficinecy, is the rarest disease in the world with MRI and DNA analysis providing only one case in history.

What are the 5 most common infectious diseases?

The 5 Most Common Infectious DiseasesHepatitis B. According to current statistics, hepatitis B is the most common infectious disease in the world, affecting some 2 billion people — that’s more than one-quarter of the world’s population. … Malaria. … Hepatitis C. … Dengue. … Tuberculosis.

What is the difference infection and disease?

Infection, often the first step, occurs when bacteria, viruses or other microbes that cause disease enter your body and begin to multiply. Disease occurs when the cells in your body are damaged — as a result of the infection — and signs and symptoms of an illness appear.

What are the five signs of an infection?

Know the Signs and Symptoms of InfectionFever (this is sometimes the only sign of an infection).Chills and sweats.Change in cough or a new cough.Sore throat or new mouth sore.Shortness of breath.Nasal congestion.Stiff neck.Burning or pain with urination.More items…

How do you know your body is fighting an infection?

However, some general symptoms of a bacterial infection include: fever. feeling tired or fatigued. swollen lymph nodes in the neck, armpits, or groin.

What are 5 diseases caused by bacteria?

Bacterial diseaseBacteria.Infectious disease.Cholera.Leprosy.Tuberculosis.Plague.Syphilis.Anthrax.More items…

Which is the most contagious disease?

The top five are as follows:HIV/AIDS: 1.6 million deaths in 2012.Tuberculosis: 1.3 million deaths in 2012.Pneumonia: 1.1 million children under the age of five, according to yearly estimates.Infectious diarrhea: 760,000 children under the age of five, according to yearly estimates.Malaria: 627,000 deaths.